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Startup

Keystroke

Description

Press X during startup

Force Mac OS X startup

Press Option-Command-Shift-Delete
during startup

Bypass primary startup volume and seek a different startup volume (such as a CD or external disk)

Press C during startup

Start up from a CD that has a system folder

Press N during startup

Attempt to start up from a compatible network server (NetBoot)

Press T during startup

Start up in FireWire Target Disk mode

Press Shift during startup

start up in Safe Boot mode and temporarily disable login items and non-essential kernel extension files (Mac OS X 10.2 and later)

Press Command-V during startup

Start up in Verbose mode.

Press Command-S during startup

Start up in Single-User mode

Finder window

Keyboard shortcut

Description

Command-W

Close Window

Option-Command-W

Close all Windows

Command-Right Arrow

Expand folder (list view)

Option-Command-Right Arrow

Expand folder and nested subfolders (list view)

Command-Left Arrow

Collapse Folder (list view)

Option-Command-Up Arrow

Open parent folder and close current window

(Assigned in Keyboard & Mouse preferences)

Show Package Contents (of selected file in Mac OS X 10.5 or later only). To create this contextual menu shortcut, open Keyboard & Mouse preferences in Mac OS X 10.5, click Keyboard Shortcuts, click the "+" button, choose Finder.app as the Application, and type "Show Package Contents" (exactly), and set whichever shortcut you want, such as Command-Control-S.

Menu commands

Keyboard shortcut

Description

Shift-Command-Q

Apple Menu
 Log out

Shift-Option-Command-Q

Apple Menu
 Log out immediately

Shift-Command-Delete

Finder Menu
 Empty Trash

Option-Shift-Command-Delete

Finder Menu
Empty Trash without dialog

Command-H

Finder Menu
Hide Finder

Option-Command-H

Finder Menu
 Hide Others

Shift-Command-N

File Menu
New Folder

Command-O

File Menu
Open

Command-S

File Menu
Save

Shift-Command-S

File Menu
 Save as

Command-P

File Menu
Print

Command-W

File Menu
Close Window

Option-Command-W

File Menu
Close all Windows

Command-I

File Menu
 Get Info

Command-D

File Menu
Duplicate

Command-L

File Menu
Make Alias

Command-R

File Menu
Show original

Command-T

File Menu
Add to Favorites (Mac OS X 10.2.8 or earlier), Add to Sidebar (Mac OS X 10.3 or later—use Shift-Command-T for Add to Favorites)

Command-Delete

File Menu
Move to Trash

Command-E

File Menu
 Eject

Command-F

File Menu
Find

Command-Z

Edit Menu
Undo

Command-X

Edit Menu
Cut

Command-C

Edit Menu
Copy

Command-V

Edit Menu
Paste

Command-A

Edit Menu
Select All

Command-1

View Menu
View as Icons

Command-2

View Menu
View as List

Command-3

View Menu
 as Columns

Command-B

View Menu
Hide Toolbar

Command-J

View Menu
Show View Options

Command - [

Go Menu
Back

Command - ]

Go Menu
Forward

Shift-Command-C

Go Menu
Computer

Shift-Command-H

Go Menu
Home

Shift-Command-I

Go Menu
 iDisk

Shift-Command-A

Go Menu
Applications

Shift-Command-F

Go Menu
Favorites

Shift-Command-G

Go Menu
Goto Folder

Command-K

Go Menu
Connect to Server

Command-M

Window Menu
Minimize Window

Option-Command-M

Window Menu
Minimize All Windows

Command-?

Help Menu
Open Mac Help

Command-Space

Open Spotlight (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)

Command-esc

Front Row
Activates Front Row for certain Apple computers

Universal Access and VoiceOver

Keyboard shortcut

Description

Option-Command-8

Turn on Zoom

Option-Command-+ (plus)

Zoom in

Option-Command-- (minus)

Zoom out

Control-Option-Command-8

Switch to White on Black

Control-F1

Turn on Full Keyboard Access
When Full Keyboard Access is turned on, you can use the key combinations listed in the table below from the Finder.

Control-F2

Full Keyboard Access
Highlight Menu

Control-F3

Full Keyboard Access
Highlight Dock

Control-F4

Full Keyboard Access
Highlight Window (active) or next window behind it

Control-F5

Full Keyboard Access
Highlight Toolbar

Control-F6

Full Keyboard Access
Highlight Utility window (palette)

Command-F5 or fn-Command-F5

Turn VoiceOver on or off (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)

Control-Option-F8 or fn-Control-Option-F8

Open VoiceOver Utility (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)

Control-Option-F7 or fn-Control-option-F7

Display VoiceOver menu (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)

Control-Option-;
or fn-Control-option-;

Enable/disable VoiceOver Control-Option lock (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)

 The Universal Access preference pane allows you to turn on Mouse Keys. When Mouse Keys is on, you can use the numeric keypad to move the mouse. If your computer doesn't have a numeric keypad, use the Fn (function) key.

Mouse Keys

Keystroke

Description

8

Move Up

2

Move Down

4

Move Left

6

Move Right

1, 3, 7, and 9

Move Diagonally

5

Press Mouse Button

0

Hold Mouse Button

. (period on keypad)

Release Mouse Button (use after pressing 0)

 

Other Commands

Keystroke

Description

Option-Command-D

Show/Hide Dock

Command-Tab

Switch application

tab

Highlight next item

Command-Up Arrow

Move up one directory

Command-Down Arrow

Move down one directory

Page Up or Control-Up Arrow

Move up one page

Page Down or Control-Down Arrow

Move down one page

Option-Drag

Copy to new location

Option-Command-Drag

Make alias in new location

Command-Drag

Move to new location without copying

Shift-Command-C

Show Colors palette in application

Command-T

Show Font palette in application

Command-Shift-3

Take a picture of the screen

Command-Shift-4

Take a picture of the selection

Command-Shift-4, then press Control while selecting

Take a picture of the screen, place in Clipboard

Command-Shift-4, then Spacebar

Take a picture of the selected window

Option-Command-esc

Force Quit

Control-Eject

Restart, Sleep, Shutdown dialog box

Control-Command-Eject

Quit all applications and restart

Option-Command-Eject or
Option-Command-Power

Sleep

Command-click window toolbar button (upper right corner)

Cycle through available views for the window's toolbar (dependant on the nature of the Finder or application window)

Command-`

Cycle through windows in application or Finder (if more than one window is open)

Function-Delete (portables only--PowerBook, iBook, MacBook, MacBook Pro)

Forward Delete (delete the character to the right of your cursor)

* Above information courtesy of Apple Corp., 2008.

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